Deciphering the performance of Indian Higher Education Institutions in QS World University Rankings by Subject 2019

March 22, 2019 · news

India’s efforts to improve the quality of Higher Education Institutions (HEI’s) have been consistent and effective in producing world-class institutions over the years. With the target of being at par with global leaders in higher education, India’s efforts have shown evident results in the eighth edition of the Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings (WUR) 2019 by Subject where 20 Indian institutions have featured in the list of global top 100 Institutions in the subject wise categories. Moreover, Indian HEI’s have improved their performance in the latest edition with 22 more departments being ranked among the top-200 over the previous year.

The QS Subject rankings are based on four main sources. The first and second are two global surveys - one of academics and the other of employers. The third and fourth are research citations per paper and h-index in the relevant subject. This is These are based on Elsevier’s Scopus database from the last five-year period. Institutions from 72 countries have been a part of this ranking, with insights about 48 individual fields of study, covering diverse domains like Accounting & Finance, Engineering, Economics, Architecture, Management, Chemistry and Veterinary Science etc.

This year, 39 Indian HEI’s have been listed under 1-600 ranks. Among them, 82 percent are Public and 18 percent are Private Institutions. Based on the statutory bodies’ nomenclature, Institutes of National Importance constitute a majority of 38 per cent, followed by Public State Universities with 23 percent, Central Universities and Private Deemed Universities are at 13 percent, Public Deemed Universities at 8 percent and Private State Universities at 5 percent.

The 48 individual fields of study are broadly classified under STEM and NON-STEM disciplines. Institutes of National Importance dominate both STEM and Non-STEM disciplines, forming 63 percent and 46 percent of the composition, respectively. Central Universities have shown a greater representation in terms of Non-STEM disciplines, constituting a major chunk following the Institutes of National Importance.

Indian Institutions have shown a good representation in selective subject areas such as Computer Science, Chemistry, Engineering, Management, Economics etc. A total of 17 institutions have featured in the subject category of Computer Science and Chemistry, respectively. There are 16 institutions of great caliber in Physics and Astronomy courses. This has been followed by Electrical Engineering and Management studies with 14 institutions each. The only two non-stem disciplines contributing to higher institutional representation of India in the rankings list are Management Studies and Economics/Econometrics.

The inclusion of 20 Indian HEIs in the top 100 subject rankings puts us on the map of some of the best Educational practices throughout the world. This sets a milestone for a development path towards economic progression and intellectual stimulation for young minds and the future workforce of the country.

To refer to the QS World University Ranking by Subject 2019, click here.

Authored  by: T R Kumaraswamy and Aishwarya Gupte, Research Analysts, QS I∙GAUGE